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How to Reduce Stress: It's Not What You Think!

Girl sitting on a couch, looking out window, hugging knees into her chest

In our fast-paced world, stress and anxiety often seem like unavoidable parts of daily life. Many people turn to various mental strategies to manage these feelings, such as mindfulness, meditation, or cognitive-behavioural techniques. While these methods can be highly effective, there's a simple, often overlooked tool at our disposal: our breath.

The 4-7-8 Breathing Technique

One of the most effective breathing exercises to combat stress and anxiety is the 4-7-8 breathing technique, popularized by Dr. Andrew Weil. This technique, rooted in ancient yogic practices, is straightforward and can be practiced anywhere, anytime. It involves a specific pattern of inhaling, holding, and exhaling the breath, which helps calm the nervous system and promote relaxation.

How to Practice 4-7-8 Breathing

  1. Find a comfortable position: Sit or lie down in a comfortable position with your back straight and your hands resting comfortably.

  2. Inhale: Close your eyes and inhale quietly through your nose for a count of four.

  3. Hold: Hold your breath for a count of seven.

  4. Exhale: Exhale completely through your mouth, making a whooshing sound, for a count of eight.

  5. Repeat: This completes one breath cycle. Repeat the cycle three more times for a total of four breaths.

How 4-7-8 Breathing Works on the System

The 4-7-8 breathing technique works by regulating the parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for the body's rest and digest functions. When we're stressed or anxious, our sympathetic nervous system—responsible for the fight or flight response—is often in overdrive. By consciously slowing down our breathing and extending the exhalation, we can activate the parasympathetic nervous system, bringing the body back into a state of balance and relaxation.

Physiological Benefits

1. Reduced Heart Rate

Prolonged exhalation helps lower the heart rate, promoting a sense of calm.

2. Lower Blood Pressure

Activating the parasympathetic nervous system helps dilate blood vessels, reducing blood pressure.

3. Improved Oxygen Exchange

While it is true that the oxygen saturation in our blood generally remains relatively stable under normal conditions, the 4-7-8 breathing technique can still enhance oxygen exchange in several important ways:

  1. Deep Breathing Efficiency: When we practice deep, controlled breathing, we engage the diaphragm more fully. This increases lung capacity and ensures that a larger volume of air reaches the alveoli (tiny air sacs in the lungs where oxygen exchange occurs). As a result, more oxygen can be transferred into the bloodstream with each breath.

  2. Carbon Dioxide Regulation: Deep and slow breathing helps regulate the levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the blood. Proper CO2 levels are essential for optimal oxygen delivery to tissues, including the brain. When CO2 levels are balanced, hemoglobin releases oxygen more efficiently to the cells (a phenomenon known as the Bohr effect).

  3. Enhanced Circulation: Controlled breathing can improve circulation by ensuring that oxygen-rich blood reaches all parts of the body effectively. Improved circulation means that tissues, including the brain, receive a steady supply of oxygen, which is crucial for maintaining optimal function and reducing stress-related symptoms.

4. Decreased Stress Hormones

Regular practice of 4-7-8 breathing can help reduce levels of stress hormones like cortisol, leading to long-term stress reduction.

Proven Benefits of 4-7-8 Breathing

Several studies and anecdotal evidence support the benefits of controlled breathing techniques like 4-7-8. These include:

  • Enhanced Relaxation: Practitioners report immediate feelings of relaxation and calmness, which can be particularly helpful before sleep or during stressful situations.

  • Improved Sleep Quality: By promoting relaxation, 4-7-8 breathing can help those who struggle with insomnia or have difficulty falling asleep.

  • Reduced Anxiety: Regular practice can help reduce symptoms of anxiety, making it a valuable tool for those with anxiety disorders.

  • Better Emotional Regulation: Controlled breathing helps improve emotional regulation, making it easier to manage difficult emotions and reactions.

Incorporating 4-7-8 Breathing into Your Routine

The beauty of the 4-7-8 technique is its simplicity and accessibility. Here are some tips for incorporating it into your daily routine:

  • Morning Routine: Start your day with a few cycles of 4-7-8 breathing to set a calm tone for the day.

  • During Breaks: Use this technique during work or study breaks to reduce accumulated stress.

  • Before Bed: Practice 4-7-8 breathing before bed to unwind and prepare your body for restful sleep.

  • In Stressful Moments: Whenever you feel overwhelmed or anxious, take a few minutes to practice this breathing technique to regain composure.


While our minds are powerful tools for managing stress and anxiety, sometimes the simplest solutions are the most effective. By harnessing the power of our breath with techniques like 4-7-8 breathing, we can tap into our body's natural ability to calm and restore balance. So next time you're feeling stressed or anxious, remember to breathe—and breathe deeply.

Amor fati, memento mori



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